The northern part of the Lake is a narrow piece of water sitting between the mountains of the Baldo range, the highest peaks of which are over 2000 m.a.s.l. The southern part of the Lake, to the north of the Pianura Padana, is much wider and surrounded by gently rolling hills. The Lake is of typical Glacial formation 5-6 million years ago the Lake was formed by glacial erosion of a pre-existing depression caused by Alpine rivers. The Lake therefore looks like a huge valley.
Administration wise, the Lake is governed by the Trento province in the North, Verona to the East and Brescia to the West. The Lake is positioned parallel to the Adige Valley and is divided from it by the Monte Baldo range.
The lake is 52km and is 16km at its widest point. It is 65m above sea level and is 365m deep at its deepest point. The main river coming into the Lake is the Sarca: in total there are 25 rivers leading into the Lake amongst which the Aril (Cassone) at 175m long holds the record for being the World's shortest river. The only river coming out of the Lake is the Mincio at Peschiera. There are 5 small islands in the Lake: dell'Olivo (Olive Island), di Sogno (Isle of Dreams), del Trimelone (Timelone Island), di Garda (Garda Island) and San Biagio (st. Bagio's Island). The first three are in the Veneto province between Malcesine and Assenza and the other two are in Lombardia near San Felice Del Benaco.
The vast basin effect of the Lake makes the climate more temperate: less likely to be frosty in the winter and less humid and oppressively hot in the summer.
The many winds that blow over the Lake mean that the micro climates and weather conditions change from one place to another. The Lake, especially in the Northern part, is an ideal place to practice many water sports such as sailing, windsurfing and kitesurfing: this is especially due to the presence and regularity of the winds that blow there.
At every moment of the day, the Lake offers different, breathtaking views, colours, lights and scents.